<address id="p351n"><nobr id="p351n"><meter id="p351n"></meter></nobr></address>

          <address id="p351n"></address>

              <sub id="p351n"><listing id="p351n"><menuitem id="p351n"></menuitem></listing></sub>

              歡迎訪問中國散文網 登錄  注冊    我要投稿   我要出書  
              用戶
               找回密碼
               立即注冊

              誰決定了故事的生死?——《文學病人》創作談

              2018-2-7 10:33| 編輯: admin| 查看: 22980| 評論: 0

              我對于科幻類文藝作品的涉獵,無論是興趣還是閱讀(觀影)量,都不比別的作品更多。我得承認,在寫這篇創作談之前,我剛在電影院里看了《銀翼殺手2049》,中間還打了一個盹兒。所以其實很難解釋,為什么在我剛剛開始一兩年的虛構生涯里,會接連寫了兩個疑似科幻的短篇小說,去年的《千里走單騎》和今年的《文學病人》。

              當然,對于這樣的標簽,科幻界多半不會同意。在文本中,我對于人工智能的那一點點停留于皮毛的認識,沒有可以討論的價值。那只夠我搭起一個簡陋的框架,擱上許多既不科學也非魔幻的內容。一直寫到第二節末尾我才知道我真正要寫的是什么。當時,毫無預兆地,一個句子從腦海直接跳到屏幕:“文學病人的癥狀與作品的指標一一對應。從他們皮膚上掠過的每一陣燥熱和微寒,每一個笑點和淚點,每一次走神再回來的時間,都決定了故事的生與死。”

              所以《文學病人》基本上是一個概念先行的故事,這一點倒是跟絕大部分科幻作品差不多。概念的來源也很簡單——機器人有沒有可能搶掉小說家的飯碗?如今,對于以文字安身立命者而言,出現類似的念頭很自然。甚至連靈感也談不上,更像是在無聊的傍晚,某個昏暗的角落里響起的,有一搭沒一搭的玩笑話。

              緊接著這個傍晚之后的清晨,我沒有放過這句玩笑。我開始給機器人和小說家的比賽設計規則。順著問題追下去,我發現所謂架空的未來,與現實自然地交疊在一起。我更關心的,不是這場奇怪的比賽的輸贏,而是作者與讀者的關系,文學的——毋寧說是故事的——本質、歷史、現實與未來。

              故事的危機,與其說來自于機器或者數據,不如說來自人類自身,來自越來越習慣于被“算法”(無論它來自于機器還是商業的、功利的需求)控制的作者和讀者,來自人類在積累了上萬年故事類型之后面臨的對于“枯竭”甚或“終結”的現代性恐慌。所以,在《文學病人》里,我讓人與機器的斗法最終演變成“作者”與“讀者”的對峙,并且在一場激烈的比賽里安排一個休整期,讓這兩個陣營都有機會派出代表來背靠背地向我們闡述觀點,從而構成吊詭的、讓人啼笑皆非的對照。用小說敘述者“我”的話說,“這兩撥人熱火朝天地折騰了一通,總算發覺大家都困在同一條戰壕里,于是決定再努力一把——然而他們各自努力的方向,似乎是互相抵消的。”

              讓情節和人物成為演示觀念碰撞的工具,這樣的寫法是否成立,是否達到我想要的效果?——說實話,我拿不準。但寫作《文學病人》的那幾天很快樂很過癮,差不多是一個積累了二十年外國文學編輯經驗的人在自言自語,同時排空一身毒素的過程。在這篇短短的小說里,我有機會一次性清算自己的文學觀,開兩句瑞典文學院和諾貝爾文學獎的玩笑,還能向自己熱愛的詩句致敬,在文字里埋藏我的私人閱讀史。小說里出現了多少文學人物和文學掌故,有興趣的讀者可以數一數。凡是能夠解釋的,我都在前后文略加照應,有些干脆就仿照翻譯小說的樣式,直接加注。所以,無論是《百年孤獨》或者《立體幾何》的開頭,還是愛打架的海明威和諾曼·梅勒,都以一種滑稽的狂歡姿態擠在我的小說中,合力制造某種迷人的幻覺:在文學的虛擬世界里,眾生平等。我們都發著低燒,我們都是文學病人。

              湖北快三平台湖北快三主页湖北快三网站湖北快三官网湖北快三娱乐 www.982jc.com | 386kzo.com | www.97828u.vip | www.330099e.com | hm0282.com | www.508869.com | www.30350i.com | www.ylzz770.com | www.210zr.com | www.5719c.com | feicai0417.com | www.xpj5t5.com | www.878zf.com | www.yh8461.com | 4488fff.com | 16690088.com | www.53900m.com | www.3846l.com | 3121zz.com | 996622hh.com | www.361550.com | www.87087.com | www.1429h9.com | 2418003.com | 55991277.com | www.139630.com | www.033064.com | www.233449.com | z88rr.com | 83378t.com | www.112070.com | www.pj56e.com | www.138cpi.com | www.hg33711.com | 24007.com | 2127s.com | www.083377.com | long7988.com | www.930608.com | 305196.com | www.flb902.com | www.bet611.com | dzj.am | 463k7.com | 2836513.com | www.1035r.com | www.38775xx.com | www.561pj.com | gd0621.com | 8037zz.com | xpj238803.com | www.506792.com | www.88266n.com | www.89677z.com | www.13558u.com | 0033b.cc | 35222dd.com | mm5144.com | www.343918.com | www.87498.com | www.06386655.com | www.4756.com | www.8694u.com | 11018z.com | www.00618c.com | 4052v.com | www.hgdc900.com | blm655.com | www.490780.com | www.84499p.com | www.513950.com | www.8568899.com | www.hg8086.com | 7945oo.com | 55555ylg.com | 3807vv.com | 58802n.com | www.849798.com | www.88266y.com | www.460017.com | www.r4042.com | www.344559.com | www.7435h.com | p2490.com | 4411.com | 3552o.com | 3009s.com | www.547099.com | www.2632y.com | www.7714x.com | www.50685a.com | www.20199uu.com | 78114400.com | www.674679.com | www.g32365.com | 32212b.com | www.7893w39.com | www.848777n.com | www.67007.com | www.572444.com | 22883v.com | 91019g.com | 78808c.com | 7134455.com | 55797s.com | bet3650759.com | 4182w.com | www.354977.com | www.935960.com | www.35155m.com | www.4331d.com | www.8905k.com | www.45598y.com | www.20199gg.com | www.000amdc.com | www.ty1148.com | www.21365xx.com | www.517ly13.com | 38345y.com | www.pj7019.com | 1665ll.com | www.1559508.com | 8569811r.com | www.328477.com | www.lfcp097.com | www.amyh9888.com | www.pj7058.com | www.76543m.com | www.0377365.com | www.pj5333.com | 876878r.com | 88740b.com | jimei6666.com | 2595j.com | 55nn8331.com | 109899.com | www.81866h.com | 32355hh.com | 2618h.com | 5002s.com | 6177009.com | 272h.net | www.ylg4499.com | www.66664400.com | www.56520r.com | www.7830n.com | www.43288e.com | www.xpj99897.com | www.665888005.com | 4136u.com | www.41518s.com | www.557588.com | 2566h6.com | www.989569.com | www.hx1162.com | www.0014t.com | www.974688.com | www.854277.com | www.636121.com | www.281566.com | 32424x.com | 33115w.com | 1669c.com | 2008kk.com | eee5682.com | 555x2.com | 4066gg.com | 305566.top | www.66136000.com | www.dx205.com | 8569811h.com | uc04.cc | www.3775h.com | www.29886m.com | dh0638.com | www.560692.com | www.69567i.com | www.777444c.com | 2214o.com | www.319126.com | www.4102o.com | www.20161100.com | hg3699.com | lll0055.com | www.bet353656.com | www.3066037.com | www.8039q.com | www.4212m.com | www.ao699.com | 8294n.com | www.538699.com | www.68365k.com | www.0805u.com | afcp03.com | 70118k.com | www.36787h.com | www.0057g.com | 1859009.com | 4116p.com | www.302591.com | www.62778811.com | www.k8kk11.com | 8827mm.com | j2489.com | www.257512.com | www.37377m.com | www.990707.com | 47749w.com | 8722qqqq.com | 00787.com | www.fcff4.com | www.wns123i.com | www.hg0458.com | 2019b.cc | 30179944.com | 3242a.com | www.c1336.com | www.69567u.com | www.7764.com | www.k32126.cc | a58955.com | 0907.am | www.770640.com | www.7886261.com | www.42msxfpt5.com | www.yh6556.com | 08809.vip | 6261qq.com | 2595e.com | www.bei01.com | www.78680p.com | www.lfcp096.com | www.77755545.com | uu56988.com | 5651v.com | s2894.com | www.907883.com | www.770802.com | www.65066zz.com | www.hg0458.com | 20204.com | js8068.com | 8381h.com | 0652i.com | www.587991.com | www.50051f.com | www.f12189.com | www.581555.com | www.3aobo.com | 36400077.com | hg999333u.com | q77304.com | www.c9331.com | www.36580000.com | www.0012737.com | www.001481.com | www.76060z.com | 2613q.com | 2324nnn.com | xpj5003.com | 80878n.com | www.119705.com | www.903559.com | www.65707n.com | www.924924.com | www.z69096.com | www.68277111.com | www.psb22.com | www.xpj171.com | www.js30859.com | 22883w.com | 8036y.com | gds.bet | 66671t.com | 4880w.com | r2490.com | 38345s.com | 55331hh.com | www.321693.com | www.763829.com | www.006ac.com | www.33997c.com | www.t201.com | www.xj112233.com | www.866067.com | www.44074.com | www.33678ii.com | www.472701.com | www.27363w.com | 900.com | sbfa999.com | a2aaa.com | 7720746.com | 8827aa.com | www.50052u.com | www.109883.com | www.263289.com | www.316083.com | www.506791.com | www.516113.com | www.549677.com | www.586113.com | www.566668.com | www.504277.com | www.393860.com | www.237544.com | www.229958.com | www.100202.com | www.097079.com | 36088.com | pj13339.com | yth14.net | 8577e.cc | 4052g.com | www.509261.com | www.3434bbb.com | www.1466c.com | www.yh08.com | www.9356i.com | www.hf0688.com | www.718322.com | www.352477.com | www.81520i.com | weide25.net | 6220uu.com | 3983009.com | 85698n.com | 3482e.com | f5858.com | 50000029.com | www.4xinhao.com | www.ljw036.com | www.88606.com | www.http://www.410488.com/ | www.1064.com | www.1764i.com | www.yd7017.com | www.055w.cc | www.607212.com | 4647q.com | 1489.com | 32666p.com | oo7742.com | www.514234.com | www.xin888999.com | www.999345.com | www.2222yh.vip | www.68365s.com | www.57578g.com | www.721709.com | 44ee8331.com | j2554.com | t2490.com | www.033033m.com | www.0686888.com | www.20199mm.com | www.5886pp.com | www.80065d.com | www.868176.com | 59js.com | 1104014.com | 4647z.com | www.hg4498.com | www.hg6880.com | www.cn365i.com | www.ya2019p.com | www.986282.com | 771906.com | 88894f.com | hwcp4444.com | www.xpj0981.com | www.114888.com | www.30350e.com | www.66730.cc | 55545s.com | 9694c.com | 23800v.com | www.88msc.la | www.60hga.com | www.010vip.com | www.717229.com | yl2827.com | 7599i.com | www.0686222.com | www.888345.com | www.960620.com | www.9cpb.com | feicai0793.com | 3467i.am | www.77537a.com | www.92302.com | www.49956p.com | www.86267o.com | 5478d.com | 32424z.com | www.hjdc2004.vip | www.633547.com | www.506906.com | 20773388.com | 081965.com | www.9560gg.com | www.818993.com | www.160326.com | 7893w19.com | www.284888.com | www.255030.com | 2820i.com | www.443558.com | www.5856867.com | www.225779.com | 444000kk.com | www.3657z.com | www.4996xa.com | www.c609.vip | 2js345.com | www.68666l.com | www.310040.com | www.2350i.com | 93996a.com | 6220m.com | www.jsc9558.com | www.26299f.com | 6175x.com | 22556j.com | www.3122mm.com | www.66652g.com | 9694r.com | jsh600.com | www.401270.com | 2018nsb.com | www.458458.net | www.bwinyz39.com | www.599260.com | pj88rrcom | www.58777l.com | www.js2016.com | www.068631.com | 01885.tv | www.k89299.com | www.60108m.com | 3405ggg.com | 774km.com | www.hemi168.com | 88021ee.com | 2757.com | www.c44yy.com | www.qbwc2.com | x333.com | www.9679b.com | www.950058.com | 8977gg.com | 6175r.com | www.huangma23.com | www.507633.com | 3404t.cc | www.bai3355.com | www.27czj.com | a3685.com | www.582666.com | www.xinhuangguan.net | chengbet420.com | www.pj9909.com | www.452.com | 33xx8332.com | www.28758s.com | www.0343t.com | 61610029.com | www.206181.com | www.68993268.com | 1335h.com | www.551701.com | www.525409.com | 0729n.com | www.362833.com | www.76520w.com | P36.com | www.betwd2.com | www.1035e.com | yabo6008.com | www.2y246.com | www.533786.com | 28288ll.com | www.6880pp.com | 8988y.com | www.0222hg.com | www.93gj01.com | 73567tg18.com | www.vn95500.com | www.ya619.com | 3778bb.com | www.4972h.com | www.50026e.com | 1594002.com | www.pj99m.com | mg437799.com | www.53322888.com | www.370837.com | 4023p.com | www.3566ff.com | 7811ss.com | www.yao626.com | www.577983.com | 818132.com | www.698505.com | x2.cc | www.hk8688.com | www.339752.com | lshtq.cn | www.50064w.com | aaa1915.com | www.57800z.com | 5533vn77.com | www.vns4668.cc | www.690477.com | 26444f.com | www.bet365195.com | d14666.com | www.js6829.com | 86611m.com | www.16711.com | www.369062.com | www.0222hg.com | www.7116b.com | 97570ylc.com | www.663189.com | 0860h.com | www.hg988.com | 80892ii.com | www.6666zx.com | www.50080o.com | www.4938h.com | www.838552.com | 18438n.com | www.23636vip.com | wfcp777666.com | www.12136.com | ooo01234.com | www.1434z.com | 5856bb.com | www.9895e.com | b188.wang | www.9737rr.com | 8203c.com | www.155417.com | 11998332.com | www.lfcp096.com | 377633.com | www.339788.com | wnsr858.com | www.bst62.com | 4195cc.com | www.3589333.com | an6988.com | www.pi111.com | bs223344.com | www.20199kk.com | 6423o.com | www.808888r.com | 7811b.com | www.950163.com | yh568.vip | www.5099yy.com | 3778rr.com | www.45598p.com | p62365.com | www.w94600.com | 6641i.com | www.3790011.com | 2127a.com | www.6611b.cc | www.ao399.com | www.596531.com | www.7111q.com | 66300vip18.com | www.922848.com | 8898811.net | www.00773k.com | 3033s.com | www.hg20.com | k353.com | www.qucw9.com | www.882589.com | www.186793.com | www.646456.com | a86811.com | www.hgdc700.com | 3614z.com | www.0270s.com | 3016xxx.com | www.643477.com | www.vns365x.net | www.2945k.com | ppjj00.com | www.6667758.com | 3ttlcp.com | www.969317.com | www.25288y.com | hag8326.com | www.55070k.com | 7008590.com | www.80075x.com | www.6248j.com | www.178339.com | www.11ledian11.cc | 500089v.com | www.6768991.com | 9566474.com | www.355204.com | www.808msc.com | p89.cc | www.4323i.com | www.js255.com | manbetx168168.com | www.77fh.com | 57157a.com | www.5522q.cc | www.70msc.com | 939000.com | www.xpj8668.com | t2306.com | www.310383.com | www.56655w.com | 2324fff.com | www.371u.cc | www.58js88.com | feicai0439.com | www.4331e.com | www.aobo9.com | q32689.net | www.6880bb.com | 7779o.cc | 6594kk.com | www.v00888.com | 2306k.com | www.137518.com | www.8313f.com | p5555.com | www.371956.com | www.808888q.com | 8033.com | www.342577.com | www.i92776.com | yt8bet.com | www.377034.com | www.83568q.com | l2490.com | www.355245.com | www.57800q.com | 4997e.com | 6396s.com | www.32031u.com | www.68666j.com | 8722tttt.com | www.hg33382.com | www.55268ww.com | 365vip00.win | www.66ffk.com | www.065666.com | k4389.com | www.558402.com | www.5207666.com | 500000516.com | by306.com | www.x22789.com | www.00829b.com | 2595m.com | www.hw1100.com | www.668cp44.com | 02dd.cc | 6220d.com | www.ampj3433.com | www.js00773.com | 3566qq.com | www.301823.com | www.i2894.com | www.8473d.com | 88740a.com | www.c166.vip | www.5146z8.com | 8185v.com | 68228c.com | www.5086k.com | www.jjjj33333.com | 30007w.com | 99v999.com | www.50064l.com | www.998762.com | feicai0713.com | tyc9892.com | www.5086g.com | www.79500o.com | 8742aa.com | 1636.com | www.785579.com | www.2208598.com | www.hg7288.com | 396605.com | www.340680.com | www.0343g.com | www.sun8777.com | 0015ff.com | mgm.com | www.2632q.com | www.4446ccc.com | www.6491d.com | cao618.com | www.095588.com | www.91709.com | www.709msc.com | 023956.com | zhcp59.com | www.508477.com | www.97828w.vip | www.hg8237.com | 44nn8331.com | cp088v.com | www.511622.com | www.29468.com | www.5994.com | 22883p.com | 567940.com | www.33112u.com | www.51515k.com | www.50999k.com | www.b0999.com | 33cc8331.com | 3568cc.com | www.631257.com | www.6889771.com | www.6636msc.com | www.d0709.com | 3242v.com | 11889193.com | www.898364.com | www.99094x.com | www. | 00048m.com | www.91233v.com | www.39459.cc | www.33678tt.com | www.tyc90.com | 51200nn.com | ss40033.com | 2127z.com | www.610958.com | www.0134.com | www.686102a.com | www.99951144.com | 3616j.com | 4152e.com | 78249.com | www.029783.com | www.1368u.cc | www.388158.com | www.c5c88.com | www.pj8793.com | 7141oo.com | 3559cp.net | dd7742.com | 5656394.com | www.920564.com | www.9646c.com | www.7366006.com | www.xam88888.wang | www.hg00188.com | 256777w.com | 01234ooo.com | 305710.com | 730555e.com | www.799200.com | 11p1.cc | 3950s.com | hg55511.com | 3552h.com | www.106195.com | www.c6089.com | www.988046.com | www.69567c.com | www.0057a.com | www.amdc0007.com | www.h7788i.com | 8159ll.cc | 7m365.com | 717blr.com | so8888.cc | 667766z.com | bet28a.com | www.550973.com | www.h081.com | www.62118c.com | www.hg08.com | www.369407.com | www.20110.com | www.5487.com | www.hg1322.com | www.256333.com | hgw168e.com | 6868.cc | 655661177.com | 36407766.com | sjg001.com | 3807vv.com | 61328866.com | js666.la | 9737bb.me | 35ll.vip | www.189370.com | www.566385.com | www.914901.com | www.zcwf4.com | www.8039e.com | www.89894z.com | www.7434.com | www.vn888456.com | www.11599059.com | www.3421d.com | www.e3410.com | www.30k0048.com | www.cn365j.com | www.9737xx.me | www.1106488.com | www.35155.com | www.55526y.com | www.234894.com | www.945suncity.com | www.bet6886.com | www.470555.com | www.41610.com | www.hx928.com | www.662678.com | www.125345.com | www.861000.com | www.m7m8.net | www.854569.com | www.mk927.com | www.56655v.com | www.c44ww.com | www.668cp33.com | www.138136b.com | www.4972o.com | www.00772n.com | www.4078n.com | www.xpj16685.com | www.222367.com | www.y6091.com | www.780780b.com | www.100344.com | www.5337933.com | www.97655r.com | www.16878j.com | www.055u.cc | www.964688.com | www.610390.com | www.209881.com | www.2222092.com | www.85857s.com | www.57800c.com | www.63606l.com | www.228128.com | www.89338k.com | www.2109c.com | www.810603.com | www.331616.com | 4441164.com | 28839u.com | 584684.com | 4443865.com | 838388k.com | 9030u.com | www.292939.com | www.29645.com | www.1234118.com | www.4446ccc.com | www.38775hh.com | www.624204.com | www.5522f.cc | www.579020.com | 4647k.com | tt6825.com | tt6832.com | js3032.com | www.ylg777555.com | www.2078v.com | www.mgm512.com | www.bwinyz12.com | www.3775b.com | www.50048.com | www.580667.com | 33115k.com | 3630.com | csy.bet | www.jsh922.com | www.22235b.com | www.1168z.com | www.689797.com | www.50026q.com | www.612110.com | 2677eee.com | js14.com | 0139.com | www.4107k.com | www.4567749.com | www.73990g.com | www.73736c.com | www.607219.com | 1483y.com | pjliaoning.com | 2381ii.com | www.yf156.com | www.rgcp444.com | www.99094c.com | www.qucp8.com | 32424k.com | 44488j.com | 55331ss.com | www.bet365789.com | www.999530.com | www.www | www.den60.com | 8547yy.com | 30177755.com | 3344vn77.com | www.ylg883.com | www.63355.com | www.2109z.com | 876878.com | 11zz145.com | 5446e.com | www.gd49.com | www.ba502.com | www.hm2555.com | 66458v.com | c3405.com | www.30765.com | www.l4042.com | www.ykylc01.com | www.529121.com | 0434344.com | 33115e.com | www.333460.com | www.y8915.com | www.hm3399.com | 31414.com | weibo.com | www.6868565.com | www.7225m.com | www.ya848.com | 80850ff.com | 01885e.com | www.hg00111.com | www.30350o.com | www.936126.com | 99589aa.net | 28758v.com | www.381818.com | www.68993265.com | www.316411.com | 2544411.com | www.88hggj.com | www.caipiao88f.com | www.33588m.com | 0600x.cc | 9971004.com | www.333460.com | www.7249m.com | www.301667.com | bdg1144.com | www.08088006.com | www.6608598.com | www.854277.com | 79964t.com | www.060xpj.com | www.3bet005.com | www.ct8811.com | 9420j.com | www.9464hh.com | www.8473s.com | www.980771.com | 69990b.com | www.vns7828.com | www.35700cc.com | www.701651.com | 0615004.com | www.j22365.com | www.5446l.com | www.178726.com | t4212.com | www.pj01.com | www.0270g.com | sandscotaicentral.cn | 2544c2.com | www.138cpc.com | www.ya499.com | 4288qq.com | www.1000suncity.com | www.74737.com | www.015990.com | 22442007.com | www.508987.com | www.5086e.com | 86155.com | www.9999wns.com | www.252018.com | www.055975.com | 702246.com | www.881.ag | www.974306.com | 22299cc.com | www.09527w.com | www.90305f.com | dxcp33.com | www.1cw9.com | www.38775ss.com | 22234066.com | oo3189.com | www.0169c.com | www.370583.com | 365vip400.cc | www.98msxfpt4.com | www.926857.com | 2324www.com | www.654777.com | www.126ll.com | 0207200.com | www.464699.com | www.2875s.com | 7893w8.com | www.00msc.com | www.2632i.com | 590.com | www.81776.com | www.qbwc1.com | 896288.com | www.063261.com | www.602430.com | w5556944.com | www.oo55826.com | www.202429.com | 4997e.com | www.47506x.com | 444000j.com | www.ylg268.com | www.hg16688.com | 55899q.com | www.4144999.com | www.3416e.com | yh66222.com | www.5504y.com | www.307075.com | zhcp97.com | www.xpj915.com | 2934f.com | www.0860e.com | www.6364e.com | 3566bb.com | www.808888w.com | www.055123.cc | ggg5144.com | www.pj99n.com | 3950z.com | www.019059.com | www.599810.com | 9995w.cc | www.980879.com | bwin456.com | www.m8018.com | www.901175.com | rr00558.com | www.8473n.com | 2767t.com | www.21365xx.com | www.7793m.com | 3662b.com | www.1429e2.com | 3136.com | www.xpj810.com | www.739233.com | 5589t.com | www.717456.com | q82365.com |