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              魯克:短詩的創作要領

              2018-7-26 10:48| 作者: 魯克|編輯: admin| 查看: 10180| 評論: 0

              詩貴短,這是從形制上說的,現代社會,人們的工作和生活節奏加快,沒人喜歡看長篇大論的東西,尤其是過長的詩歌。很多詩人喜歡寫短詩,甚至是超短詩,三五行就結束了。短詩不好寫,超短詩更是不易駕馭。那么,短詩的創作有沒有什么技巧呢?答案是肯定的。

              一、寫截面

              在詩歌里不要有過多企圖,短詩尤其如此。

              面面俱到是寫作的一大忌諱,寫詩尤然。詩是生活的斷面或截面,當然,一定是最精彩、最觸目驚心的斷面或截面,所謂觀微知著,就是這個道理。

              好比寫一個人,你不要從小寫到老,那太拉雜了。如果把長篇小說比作森林,那散文就是林中的一條小徑,詩歌呢?就是一棵樹,甚至是一片葉子。而短詩,就是葉子上的一段筋絡或蟲子的齒痕。

              如果詩歌是生活的肺,那么短詩就是肺上的一個結核:小而有力,小而疼,是短詩的典型特征。不疼不癢的詩都是拙劣的,與形制的大小無關。

              二、言短意長,字寡味足

              一首詩好不好,就看它有沒有意味,意味的深和長,往往來自詩人的奇思妙想和對文字的天才經營。詩人的一生都在修煉語言,語言有著魔力,高明的詩人把一行詩也能寫得波濤洶涌。這正是詩的魅力所在。

              三、再短的詩,也要努力給出細節來

              細節決定一切,這幾乎是所有寫作的定律和法則,然而在詩歌上,這一法則被很多詩人藐視或忽略。這正是口號詩、無魂詩充斥詩壇的癥結所在。

              沒有細節的詩,好比一句我愛你,總覺得空洞,不著邊際;細節是什么呢?是有力的暖暖的擁抱,是甜蜜的顫栗的吻。一個真實勇敢獨特的細節,勝過一萬句空洞的虛頭寡腦的我愛你。

              四、短詩雖短,也要努力保持它的跳躍性

              跳躍,不單是字詞和句子的跳躍,首先還是思維的跳躍。跳躍性,是詩歌區別于散文的一處胎記。

              詩歌不必是火山,不必是山呼海嘯;詩歌是火星就夠了,落到人心上,讓人一哆嗦,甚至尖叫一聲。短詩尤其如此。

              詩是生命和生活的微光,如黑夜風中的蠟燭,只把呵護它的手掌暖暖地照亮——

               

              微光

              大地只做兩件事:生長和埋葬

              每只螞蟻都是星辰

              我們在大地上行走,發著微光

              為什么啊?這世界,你越愛越絕望

               

              蒼穹

              看過繁星,就不會在螢火旁徘徊

              有過蒼穹,就不會在貝殼里流連

              親愛的,我有過你,并從此俯瞰人間

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